Hypertension is a condition that occurs when the blood pressure in your arteries is higher than normal. If this happens for a prolonged period, you could experience complications. In the absence of symptoms, it’s not unusual not to be aware of high blood pressure. However, if it is known and left untreated, it can lead to other health problems, such as the heart.
If you’re a new patient, you may wonder what hypertension is and how it affects you. In this blog post, we’ll look at the symptoms, causes, and treatment of high blood pressure or hypertension, which is a condition in which your blood pressure is above normal. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, leg pain, and other less common symptoms.
When someone gets very nervous, their blood pressure tends to go up. When someone gets excited or anxious, their blood pressure rises to over 140/90. When someone’s blood pressure is elevated for a prolonged period (over a few weeks), it’s called hypertension. This happens because the blood vessels around the heart enlarge (as in people with high blood pressure). This increases blood pressure to force more blood through these enlarged blood vessels. When blood pressure remains high over a long period (years), it becomes a serious medical condition known as hypertension.
What is normal blood pressure?
Normal blood pressure is usually between 120/80 mmHg and 140/90 mmHg. Blood pressure is measured by taking several readings’ average over time. It is also important to note that blood pressure is expressed in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
Blood pressure can fluctuate throughout the day, even by a few points, so it is important to measure it when you are feeling well. Your doctor can also recommend home monitoring.
What are the symptoms of hypertension?
Hypertension is diagnosed based on the number of systolic and diastolic readings taken from your blood pressure.
Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, leg pain, and other less common symptoms.
If you have these symptoms, you should talk to your doctor about what might be causing them. Blood Pressure Check – A blood pressure reading is taken with a stethoscope. The cuff will be inflated and deflated at 50 millimeters of mercury every three minutes. This is called the Korotkoff sound, indicating that the blood pressure has changed. The number of changes in blood pressure over time is recorded as a reading. Treatment for High Blood Pressure Treatment options for high blood pressure includes lifestyle modifications and medications.
How do you get diagnosed with hypertension?
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and any conditions you may have. You may also be asked to complete a questionnaire about your health.
You should then undergo a physical examination, and a doctor will measure your blood pressure and check your eyes. Your doctor may also conduct a urine test, blood test, or both.
Depending on your specific case, your doctor may refer you to a specialist, such as a cardiologist or an endocrinologist, who can diagnose and treat other conditions contributing to your high blood pressure.
What are the complications of hypertension?
Hypertension is a very serious disease, and it is estimated that nearly one-third of the U.S. population has it. There are several complications associated with hypertension, including:
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Retinal damage
- Cognitive impairment
Hypertension is the most common risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. If left untreated, it can lead to stroke and heart attack.
The American Heart Association (AHA) estimates that hypertension affects more than 40 million Americans and is a leading cause of death in the United States. It is the single most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Hypertension is defined as blood pressure higher than 140/90 mmHg or if there are symptoms of high blood pressure such as headache, neck pain, cold sweating, nausea, dizziness, or fainting. Hypertension affects both men and women. Although men are more likely to have it, women are also affected.
Frequently asked questions about Hypertension.
Q: Can I take Hypertension medication with an antibiotic?
A: Yes. Antibiotics can cause your blood pressure to increase, so please consult your physician before you take any medications.
Q: Is there anything else I should know about hypertension?
A: There are many causes of hypertension and many treatments available. Please consult with your doctor for more information.
Q: How often should I check my blood pressure?
A: Blood pressure should be checked at least twice a week. You should always keep a journal of your blood pressure, diet, and exercise regimen.
Q: What can I do to lower my blood pressure?
A: Your doctor will be able to give you instructions on how to lower your blood pressure.
Top myths about Hypertension
1. Hypertension is a normal part of aging.
2. Hypertension is associated with obesity, and therefore weight loss helps treat it.
3. Hypertension only occurs in older people.
The first step in managing hypertension is to diagnose it. But before you start looking for a doctor, you need to know what hypertension is and what you can do about it.
Hypertension is a condition where your blood pressure is higher than normal. Blood pressure is measured by a blood pressure machine, which looks at the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries.
Blood pressure is categorized into two types: systolic and diastolic. Systolic refers to the force of blood going up as it is pumped through your heart. Diastolic refers to the point of blood going back down as it travels through your body.
Your goal should be to keep your systolic and diastolic pressures below 140 and 90, respectively. These are considered normal blood pressure levels.
A combination of factors usually causes hypertension. Some major causes are obesity, high salt intake, diabetes, smoking, stress, and lack of exercise. Most of these factors can be controlled. Here are some ways you can manage your blood pressure naturally: Reduce Salt Intake. One of the major causes of hypertension is excessive salt intake. You should consume no more than 2.0 grams of sodium per day. This number can be higher if you are on a low-salt diet.